Global Data Breach Guide

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The World Law Group Global Guide to Data Breach Notifications, 2016 provides the essential information every organization needs to know when facing a data breach in one or more countries. Produced by the WLG's Privacy & Data Protection Group, this guide provides summaries of relevant law, data breach reporting requirements, contact information for relevant data protection authorities and more, currently for 60 countries worldwide.

Plus, on this website you will find reports on new data breach developments, in-depth articles and analyses from the World Law Group's member firms around the world, as well as alerts about and links to top events globally for professionals involved in privacy and data protection. Bookmark www.globaldatabreachguide.com now and visit often to keep up to date with this fast-changing and ever-evolving field.


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Legal Updates
April 15, 2024

A notable failure by Air Canada highlights the legal and ethical repercussions of improper chatbot implementation. In this article, we will closely examine this specific case, which involves the communication of inaccurate information by an airline's chatbot.
January 31, 2024

In this article, we will discuss the representation of personal data in written generative models and address certain questions associated with large language models and personal data.
Member Firm News
January 15, 2024

Miller & Martin PLLC is pleased to announce the election and promotion of attorneys John David Lind and Haley Moody to membership in the law firm effective January 2024.
Thought Leadership
January 1, 2024

Locke Lord's Jason Ulezalka and Jonathan W. Young analyze how credit markets have recently been focused on a different type of double dip – one that is being increasingly considered as a legitimate “liability management” tool to improve a borrower’s liquidity.
Legal Updates
December 10, 2023

We review the three most significant legal developments during the past year in the area of Intellectual Property. These include the emergence of trade mark protection for well-known literary characters coming out of copyright, and a new wave of trade marks with a reputation in the area of copycat a
Legal Updates
December 10, 2023

We reflect on three key legal developments which will continue to be relevant in 2024 to those in the Technology sector.
Legal Updates
December 6, 2023

Decisions earlier this year from the English courts in ClientEarth v Shell Plc et al., and the recent appeal decision from the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, shed light on climate change issues and how directors can fulfill their duties to the corporations they serve in the face of...
Legal Updates
December 3, 2023

The Government of Canada has proposed legislation to amend the Competition Act (the “Act”) to, among other things, (i) expand the scope of what constitutes misleading advertising, and (ii) permit private parties to commence civil litigation against alleged misleading advertising...
Legal Updates
November 29, 2023

The Government of Canada has proposed legislation that will amend the Competition Act (the “Act”) to permit (i) far more private competition law litigation, and (ii) the awarding of significant new financial remedies for breaches of different provisions of the Act.
Legal Updates
October 31, 2023

The Federal Court of Justice has ruled the following: Sellers of real estate must inform buyers about potential costs for upcoming maintenance works without being asked - regardless of the buyer’s possibility to inspect the respective documents uploaded in a (virtual) data room.
Legal Updates
October 17, 2023

Following the launch of ChatGPT, Canada has witnessed a surge in AI-related investments.
Legal Updates
October 11, 2023

The use of ChatGPT in HR departments for tasks like creating job ads, application responses, and legal assessments brings efficiency, but it also raises legal concerns due to the absence of specific legal frameworks, highlighting the need to be aware of potential pitfalls to avoid costly errors.
Legal Updates
July 2, 2023

Borgarting Court of Appeal ruled in the appellate case concerning the legality of Brødrene Dahl AS' development, manufacture and sale of an actuator device. The Court upheld the Oslo District Court's decision that Brødrene Dahl had made an intentional imitation of Eltorque AS' actuator device.
Legal Updates
May 21, 2023

The Supply Chain Due Diligence Act (SCDDA) has been in force since January 1, 2023, requiring companies to continually update their compliance, procurement, and contract drafting processes to meet evolving due diligence obligations and monitor changing risks.
Legal Updates
May 21, 2023

In a Judgment issued on 6 April 2023, the General Division of the Singapore High Court ordered Educomp founder Shantanu Prakash and Singaporean lawyer Dennis Lui to pay damages totaling S$2.9million plus interest to Raffles Education Group entities (“Raffles Entities”). Among other things, the Court found that the two individuals conspired to...
Legal Updates
May 2, 2023

The most important proposed changes to the Norwegian Security Act. The proposed amendments prevent economic activities that may have an impact on national security and, to accomplish this purpose, the Ministries intend to expand the government's access to information by proposing new regulatory obligations governing certain M&A...
Legal Updates
April 23, 2023

On April 21, 2023, the ASEA published the Proyecto de Norma Oficial Mexicana PROY-NOM-016-ASEA-2023. The Project's purpose is to establish the specifications for camp's installation, safety distances and procedures, and drilling shot wells, within the scope of environmental protection.
Legal Updates
March 5, 2023

Our experts summarize the top trends in Litigation and Arbitration in 2023, including (i) Procedural trends; (ii) Private enforcement trends; (iii) Trends in collective actions; (iv) Trends in international arbitration; (v) Trends in insolvency; and (vi) Trends in criminal compliance.
Legal Updates
February 6, 2023

Executive summary of the main legal developments to watch in 2023—foreign investment, competition, financing, labor & employment, tax, and more.
Member Firm News
January 30, 2023

“Elizabeth and Scott are talented lawyers who add value and depth to our membership,” said Firm Chairman Scott Parrish. “The firm welcomes these enthusiastic and proven leaders as we continue to grow and serve clients across our practice areas.”
Legal Updates
January 28, 2023

Is failure to disclose a previous employment a just cause for the termination of an employment?
Legal Updates
January 10, 2023

The Regional Court of Munich ruled that shareholders' damages claims for breach of capital markets law rank as equity and not as general unsecured claims in the Wirecard insolvency. Read the result,
Legal Updates
November 1, 2021

The NDPA fines companies for lack of access control, GDPR non-compliance, insufficient processing security and unlawful credit rating,
Legal Updates
October 7, 2021

The Norwegian newspaper VG published several news stories about the law firm Rogstad and used photographs from Rogstad's webpage and an employee's Facebook to illustrate the news stories.
Legal Updates
October 5, 2021

Ransomware is a national security issue that affects all sixteen critical infrastructure sectors, including the transportation and healthcare sectors.
Legal Updates
March 8, 2021

On January 1, 2021, the German Law for the Further Development of the Restructuring and Insolvency Laws (SanInsFoG) came into force. Crucially, this contains a stabilization and restructuring framework for businesses.
Legal Updates
October 12, 2020

In a decision dated June 24, 2020, the French Supreme Court recalled that the terminated business partner may ask the summary judge to order the continuation of the relevant contract.
Legal Updates
October 12, 2020

A recent decision in Germany has resulted in a hefty fine being imposed on an employer for violations of the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulations (“GDPR”).
Legal Updates
October 9, 2020

On September 18, 2020, the Brazilian General Data Protection Law (LGPD) came into force (almost entirely). The rights of the data subjects can be exercised as of now, including requests to access, correct, block and anonymize their personal information.
Legal Updates
September 28, 2020

By and large, the Protection of Personal Information Act, 2013 (“POPIA”) only imposes obligations, duties and liabilities on the responsible party. A responsible party is defined in POPIA as “a public or private body or any other person which, alone or in conjunction with others, determines the purp
Legal Updates
September 21, 2020

The cloud is now the preferred location for many businesses to host their data. The cloud comes with many benefits, such as increased security, reduced infrastructure investments and operational efficiency. Cloud products are also attractive because of their flexibility, scalability and ease of impl
Legal Updates
August 9, 2020

The coronavirus has wracked transportation networks around the world, and the airline industry is an exemplar. Several recent developments around refunds for flights canceled over coronavirus concerns, and the use of face masks on flights, are beginning to have legal repercussions.
Legal Updates
May 20, 2020

This advisory discusses Palladyne International Asset Management B.V. v Upper Brook (A) Limited and others, where an application was made by Palladyne for leave to appeal to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
Legal Updates
May 18, 2020

The National Privacy Commission (NPC) has issued guidelines on data protection in work from home (WFH) arrangements (NPC PHE Bulletin No. 12 on “Protecting Personal Data in a Work from Home Arrangement; issued May 15, 2020).
Legal Updates
May 15, 2020

Philippine businesses that have had to suspend operations since March 17 will now need to step up their return-to-work plan. Below is a general checklist that may help with these preparations.
Legal Updates
May 9, 2020

This is a briefing on the following Philippine issuances as of May 10, 2020 in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Legal Updates
April 27, 2020

The UK’s highest court recently ruled that Morrisons, a supermarket group, was not vicariously liable for the criminal act of an employee with a grudge who leaked the payroll data of about 100 000 members of staff.
Legal Updates
April 27, 2020

Update to C19 TERS and tax treatment of C19 TERS benefit
Legal Updates
April 20, 2020

In light of the declaration of a national state of disaster as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, it is now likely that schools and further learning institutions in South Africa will remain closed for the foreseeable future (even after the national lockdown period) and online teaching
Legal Updates
April 20, 2020

In light of the declaration of a national state of disaster as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, it is now likely that schools and further learning institutions in South Africa will remain closed for the foreseeable future (even after the national lockdown period) and online teaching
Member Firm News
April 15, 2020

Guyer & Regules successfully represented affiliate of the Brazilian state owned oil company Petrobras (PUDSA) and Axion Energy in two separate arbitrations against state owned company that holds the monopoly over petroleum importation and refining – ANCAP.
Legal Updates
April 13, 2020

To prevent the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19), the Government passed the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) Regulations 2020 ("COVID-19 Regulations"), under which certain businesses and venues are under an obligation to close unless an exception applies.
Legal Updates
January 26, 2023

Screening job applicants is crucial to ensure that the right person for the job is hired. But what if, before new employment, the employee fails to disclose their previous employment?
Legal Updates
January 22, 2023

In recent years, governments in Canada have been sued in various ways concerning climate change. Invariably, the government will seek to dismiss the claim because it is not "justiciable."
Member Firm News
January 2, 2023

Lane Powell is pleased to announce that eight attorneys have been elected shareholders of the firm, effective January 1, 2023.
Legal Updates
November 30, 2022

Borgarting Court of Appeal recently passed judgment in one of Norway's largest information technology contract disputes ever processed by the ordinary courts, the so-called "Grindgut" case.
Legal Updates
November 3, 2022

The Washington Supreme Court issued a decision finding that a contractual one-year limitation period buried in a residential construction contract was unconscionable and void. The case provides important lessons for residential contractors and developers.
Legal Updates
August 30, 2022

The German Trade Secrets Act (GeschGehG) has been in force since April 26, 2019. Nevertheless, many companies still need to address the topic of know-how protection adequately.
Legal Updates
June 30, 2022

In this article, we use a recent judgment to illustrate the extent of limitations and the essential considerations in situations where an employee becomes a competitor.
Member Firm News
September 24, 2020

Guyer & Regules is considered Uruguay’s blue chip firm and the first choice for international and domestic complex legal, accounting and tax work. Such reputation is grounded on the largest group of the most experienced partners in the country, who lead a solid team of internationally trained profes
Legal Updates
April 17, 2024

At the request of the Dutch, Norwegian and German (Hamburg) supervisory authorities to the European Data Protection Board ("EDPB"), the EDPB has addressed the issue of providing clarity on the implementation of "consent or pay" models considering Meta's business model.
Legal Updates
April 9, 2024

The AI Act ("KI-VO") regulates (among other things) the requirements for AI systems. They should be safe, transparent, comprehensible, non-discriminatory and environmentally friendly. If AI systems violate these requirements it is difficult to attribute unlawful behaviour to AI systems.
Legal Updates
April 7, 2024

An insolvency administrator's right to restitution can be forfeited if if they are prevented from exercising the right in good faith by their conduct in the context of the conclusion of a redemption agreement.
Legal Updates
March 26, 2024

A decision by the Higher Regional Court of Karlsruhe from 9 November 2022 (Ref.: 6 U 322/21) deals with the advertising of a disinfectant hand foam with claims regarding skin compatibility.
Legal Updates
March 26, 2024

In its reference decision of 15 August 2023 (Ref.: 5 U 93/22), the Hanseatic Higher Regional Court of Hamburg ruled on the issuing of prescriptions for prescription-only medicines over the internet by doctors who have not previously treated the patient.
Legal Updates
March 21, 2024

Nicaragua | In our new article published in the Arias Knowledge Center by Associate Maryeling Guevara, get informed on the details of good compliance practices under a comprehensive system and their benefits for companies.
Legal Updates
March 18, 2024

Companies can successfully leverage the technological revolution, from implementing artificial intelligence and chatbots and promoting innovation in El Salvador but should also keep in mind the importance of specialized legal assistance in navigating the regulatory challenges.
Legal Updates
February 27, 2024

This article addresses the main aspects of dispute resolution brought by the Law of Credit Cards.
Legal Updates
January 29, 2024

The holding of the Annual Ordinary Meeting is the key tool for exempting the Directors of the companies from liability in Costa Rica.
Legal Updates
January 25, 2024

Advocate General Jean Richard de la Tour comments on the standing of associations under Art. 80 (2) GDPR. In his opinion, in certain cases, the breach of an information obligation under Chapter 3 of the GDPR is sufficient to enable representative actions.
Legal Updates
January 24, 2024

German Federal Court of Justice (BGH) suspends appeal proceedings regarding the reimbursement of losses in online poker. Potential impact also possible for refund claims for losses from slots.
Legal Updates
January 15, 2024

In a recent case before the Federal Court of Justice, an insolvency administrator was found to have neglected his duties of investigation in a particularly serious and reproachable manner.
Legal Updates
December 17, 2023

In a decision by the Regional Court of Karlsruhe on 26 July 2023 (Ref.: 13 O 46/22 KfH), the court had to deal with the admissibility of advertising products with the terms "climate neutral" and "environmentally neutral".
Legal Updates
July 17, 2023

An overview of its applicability, key exemptions, notice requirements, individual requirements, enforcement, and more.
Legal Updates
June 6, 2022

Arias explores the basics of a patent and its use in El Salvador.
Legal Updates
February 16, 2022

Key legislation entered into full force on January 4, 2022, with the potential to affect finance transactions. The National Security and Investment Act 2021 ( NSI Act ) introduces to the UK a new investment screening regime, which requires that certain types of transactions are notified to, and cleared by the Secretary of State for Business,...
Legal Updates
February 16, 2022

Framework agreements are widely used in the public sector as they offer a fast and cost effective method of procurement. Following on from its publication of " The Construction Playbook " in December 2020, the Cabinet Office commissioned a report into the use of construction frameworks in the public sector: " Constructing the Gold Standard: An...
Legal Updates
February 3, 2022

The popularity of cryptocurrencies and other cryptoassets continues to grow. Major brands like PayPal now include the facility for users to buy, sell and hold selected cryptoassets, while the pandemic has provided additional impetus, as consumers move to virtual payments and society becomes more cashless. Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have emerged...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
Legal Updates
January 20, 2021

Our Venture Capital Group collaborated on an expansive guide covering more than 30 jurisdictions on investment approval processes, typical investment sectors and investment structures on VC deals (and more!). The objective of this publication is to serve as a Q&A-style multi-jurisdictional guide to venture capital law in countries where WLG...
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